Developmental Feeding Milestones

Birth – 3 Years

 

0 – 1 Month

  • Suckle on nipple
  • Nose breathing
  • Presence of rooting reflex
  • Incomplete lip closure

2 Months

  • Suckling pattern
  • Mouth opens in anticipation of feeding
  • Improved lip closure

3 Months

  • Continues feeding via nipple
  • Orientation to midline
  • Liquids only

4 Months

  • Voluntary control of mouth
  • Pursing of lips

5 Months

  • Liquids and purees
  • Sucking pattern used with spoon
  • Gagging with new textures

6 Months

  • Lip closure increased
  • Gag reflex reduced
  • Rooting reflex disappears
  • Teething

7 – 9 Months

  • Lower lip used to stabilize cup drinking
  • Mouth closure around top of cup
  • Drooling with teething

10 – 12 Months

  • Independent finger feeding
  • Increased cup drinking as weaned from nipple
  • Removes from spoon using lips

13 – 18 Months

  • Consumes all textures
  • Can drink using straw

19 – 24 Months

  • Primarily self-feeding
  • Swallows with lip closure
  • Rotary chewing predominate

25 – 36 Months

  • Completely self feeding
  • Uses fork independently
  • Holds cup with one hand