Developmental Speech & Language Milestones

Birth – 5 Years of Age

6 – 11 Months

  • Understands “no-no”
  • Babbles (says: “ba-ba-ba” or “ma-ma-ma”)
  • Tries to communicate with actions/gestures
  • Tries to repeat your sounds

 

2 – 3 Years

  • Knows about 50 words at 24 months
  • Understands spatial concepts such as “in” or “on”
  • Matches 2-3 primary colors at 36 months
  • Uses around 50 words at 24 months
  • Answers simple questions
  • Speaks in 2-3 words phrases
  • Uses inflection to ask for something

 

12 –17 Months

  • Attends to a book/toy for about 2 minutes
  • Follows simple directions
  • Answers simple questions by pointing to objects, pictures & family members
  • Says 2-3 words (“cookie”, “momma”) to label a person or object
  • Uses 10-20 words or signs

 

4 – 5 Years

  • Understands spatial concepts such as “under”, “on top”& “behind”
  • Understands “wh” questions
  • Uses some irregular past tense verbs (ran, felt)
  • Describes how to do things
  • Defines words
  • Expresses feelings (“mad” and “happy”)
  • Lists items that belong in a category
  • Answers “why” questions
  • Uses b, d, m, n, p, f, h, k, g and w sounds correctly

 

18 – 23 Months

  • Enjoys being read to
  • Follows 1 and 2-step commands
  • Points to 3-5 body parts
  • Understands simple verbs
  • Pronounces most vowels, n, m, p & h sounds
  • Says 8-10 single words
  • Combines words: “more milk,” “my ball, etc.
  • Begins to use pronouns, such as “mine”

 

5 + Years

  • Understands more than 2,000 words
  • Understands time sequences (first, third, etc.)
  • Carries out a series of 3 directions
  • Understands rhyming
  • Knows common opposites (big/little)
  • Engages in conversation
  • Sentences are 6+ words in length
  • Uses present, future and past tense verbs
  • Uses imagination to create stories
  • Produces all speech sounds correctly except l, r, th, sh, s and j